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Innovative House Interior Garden Design Ideas for Nigerian Homes

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Plants bring so much to homes. They add life and greenery to corners, walls, and nooks all year round and infuse a much-needed splash of nature into human-built structures. Though outdoor plants are lovely, too, there’s something to be said for living alongside lush foliage inside. Indoor gardens are constant. In bad weather, cold seasons, or in homes lacking outdoor spaces, plants gathered inside to bring the same kind of joy that outdoor gardens possess.

Though indoor gardening has been around for centuries, in recent years it has exploded as a popular hobby and way to decorate an abode. This means there’s quite a large selection of plants to choose from and even more combinations of green things that can be paired together indoors. 

Key Takeaways:

  • Incorporating greenery and natural elements into interior spaces is a growing trend.
  • Utilize vertical surfaces to create lush green walls. Vertical gardens not only save space but also purify the air and add visual interest to any room.
  • Large potted trees indoors can serve as focal points. Consider varieties like fiddle-leaf figs or rubber plants. Their presence adds a touch of elegance and freshness.
  • Transform central areas of your home into atriums or courtyards. These open spaces allow natural light to flood in, creating a serene oasis.
  • Small-scale indoor gardens in glass containers or terrariums are perfect for apartments or compact spaces. 
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Choosing the Perfect Plants for Your Home

When choosing the perfect indoor plants for your Nigerian home, it’s important to consider the local climate and the conditions within your living space examples are High temperatures, humidity, indoor lighting, air circulation, and watering requirements. Here are some tips to help you select suitable indoor plants:

Light Conditions

Evaluate the amount of natural light available in different areas of your home. Choose plants that match the light requirements, such as low-light, medium-light, or bright-light plants. 

  • Low-Light Plants: These plants thrive in areas with minimal natural light or indirect sunlight. Examples include: Snake Plant (Sansevieria), ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), Pothos (Epipremnum aureum), Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum), Cast Iron Plant (Aspidistra elatior)
  • Medium-Light Plants: These plants prefer moderate levels of natural light, such as indirect sunlight or filtered light. Examples include: Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum), Philodendron (Philodendron spp.), Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema), Parlor Palm (Chamaedorea elegans), Boston Fern (Nephrolepis exaltata)
  • Bright-Light Plants: These plants thrive in areas with direct sunlight or bright, indirect light. Examples include: Succulents (e.g., Aloe vera, Echeveria), Ficus (Ficus benjamina), Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica), Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae), Jade Plant (Crassula ovata)

Humidity Tolerance

Nigeria has a generally humid climate, especially in the southern regions. Look for plants that can tolerate higher humidity levels, such as Philodendrons, Pothos, Peace Lilies, Calatheas, and Ferns. Plants that can thrive in drier conditions(northern regions) Succulents (e.g., Aloe vera, Haworthia), Cacti (e.g., Opuntia, Echinocactus), Snake Plant (Sansevieria), ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), Ponytail Palm (Beaucarnea recurvata)

Air-Purifying Plants

Certain indoor plants are known for their ability to purify the air by removing pollutants. Popular options include: Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata), Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema), Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum), English Ivy (Hedera helix), Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum).

Low-Maintenance Plants

If you have a busy lifestyle or tend to travel frequently, opt for low-maintenance plants that can tolerate occasional neglect. Examples include ZZ Plant (Zamioculcas zamiifolia), Snake Plant (Sansevieria trifasciata), Pothos (Epipremnum aureum), Chinese Evergreen (Aglaonema).

Succulents and Cacti

For those who prefer plants that require less frequent watering, consider succulents and cacti. Some options suitable for Nigerian homes include the jade Plant (Crassula ovata), Echeveria, Zebra Plant (Haworthia), and Christmas Cactus (Schlumbergera)

Edible Plants

You can also grow edible plants indoors, such as herbs or small vegetables. Popular choices include basil, mint, chives, cherry tomatoes, and chilies.

Small-Scale Indoor Garden Ideas

Indoor gardens don’t require a sprawling space; even the tiniest nook can be transformed into a lush oasis. Here are some small-scale indoor garden ideas to kickstart your green journey.

Utilizing Windowsills and Small Planters

Windowsills offers prime real estate for small plants and herbs. Utilize compact planters or mason jars to grow herbs like basil, mint, and parsley, bringing fresh flavors to your culinary creations while adding a touch of greenery to your kitchen.

Creating Vertical Gardens with Hanging Pots or Wall-Mounted Shelves

Vertical gardens are perfect for maximizing space in tight quarters. Hang pots from ceilings or mount shelves on walls to create a vertical garden that adds visual interest and depth to any room. Choose trailing plants like pothos or ivy for a cascading effect that adds drama to your vertical garden.

Kitchen Garden Designs

The kitchen is not only a place for cooking and meal preparation but also a fertile ground for growing herbs and vegetables. Here are some innovative kitchen garden designs to inspire your culinary adventures:

Window Herb Garden

Utilize a sunny window sill or create a small shelving unit near a window to grow a selection of herbs like basil, thyme, rosemary, and mint. Choose compact varieties and use individual pots or a long planter box.

Hanging Baskets

Hang baskets from the ceiling or walls to grow trailing plants like cherry tomatoes, and strawberries, or cascading greens like lettuce or spinach. This utilizes vertical space and adds a decorative touch.

Hydroponic System

Hydroponic systems allow you to grow plants without soil, using a nutrient-rich water solution. You can find compact hydroponic systems designed specifically for indoor use, perfect for growing leafy greens, herbs, and even small vegetables.

Countertop Garden

Dedicate a portion of your kitchen countertop to a mini-garden. Use shallow trays or planters to grow microgreens, radishes, or other quick-growing crops that don’t require deep soil.

Vertical Wall Garden

Install a vertical wall planter or a living wall system to create a lush, green feature in your kitchen. These systems are perfect for growing herbs, greens, and even small vegetables like cherry tomatoes or peppers.

Indoor Garden Design for Compact Spaces

Indoor gardening is a great way to bring life and greenery into your home, but what if you live in a small space like an apartment or a tiny house? Don’t worry, you can still create a lush indoor garden in a small space with a bit of creativity and planning.

Choosing the Right Plants for Small Spaces

When selecting plants for a small space indoor garden, it’s important to choose ones that are well-suited for the limited space and lighting conditions. Here are some top plant choices for small spaces:

  • Succulents: These hardy plants come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and are well-suited for small spaces because they don’t need much water or light. Some popular succulent varieties include Haworthia Succulent, String of Pearls, Jade Plants, and Echeveria.
  • Herbs: If you love to cook, herbs are a great option for a small space indoor garden. They’re compact and fragrant and can be grown in small containers on a windowsill or countertop. Some popular herbs for indoor gardens include basil, mint, and parsley.
  • Trailing plants: These plants are great for adding a touch of greenery to small spaces without taking up too much room. Trailing plants like pothos, ivy, and philodendron can be trained to climb walls or trails down from hanging planters.
  • Air plants: These unique plants don’t even need soil to grow! Air plants can be mounted on a variety of surfaces, making them perfect for small spaces like apartments or offices. They come in a variety of shapes and sizes and can be displayed in small terrariums or on shelves.

When selecting plants for your small space indoor garden, be sure to consider their mature size, light requirements, and water needs. Opt for compact varieties that don’t grow too large, and select plants that can thrive in the lighting conditions of your space. With the right plant choices, you can create a beautiful and thriving indoor garden in even the smallest of spaces.

Selecting the Right Containers

Choosing the right containers for your indoor garden is key to making the most of your small space. Here are some tips for selecting containers that work well in small spaces:

  • Vertical planters: If you’re short on horizontal space, consider using vertical planters to maximize your growing area. These planters can be mounted on walls or hung from ceilings, and can hold a variety of plants. Some popular options include pocket planters, macrame hangers, and vertical garden kits.
  • Hanging planters: Hanging planters are a great way to add greenery to your space without taking up floor or counter space. They can be hung from hooks or brackets, and come in a variety of materials and styles. Some popular options include woven baskets, ceramic pots, and glass orbs.
  • Window boxes: If you have a sunny windowsill, consider using a window box to create an indoor garden. These long, narrow containers fit perfectly on windowsills and can hold a variety of herbs, succulents, and trailing plants.
  • Small containers: Don’t underestimate the power of small containers! Even tiny pots or planters can hold a small plant or succulent, adding a touch of greenery to your space. Look for containers that match your decor and fit the size of your plants.

When selecting containers for your indoor garden, be sure to consider the size of your plants, their water and drainage needs, and the amount of light they require. Opt for containers that are both functional and stylish, and that fit the overall aesthetic of your space. With the right containers, you can create a beautiful and functional indoor garden in even the smallest of spaces.

Maximizing Light and Space

One of the biggest challenges of creating an indoor garden in a small space is finding enough light for your plants. Here are some tips for maximizing light and space in your indoor garden:

  • Choose plants that thrive in low light: If your space doesn’t get a lot of natural light, choose plants that can thrive in low-light conditions. Some popular options include snake plants, pothos, and peace lilies.
  • Use grow lights: If your space doesn’t get enough natural light, consider using grow lights to supplement your plants’ needs. LED grow lights are energy-efficient and come in a variety of sizes and styles.
  • Reflective surfaces: Reflective surfaces like mirrors or shiny tiles can help bounce light around your space, providing more light for your plants. Consider adding a mirror or reflective surface near your plants to help maximize the amount of light they receive.
  • Vertical space: As mentioned earlier, vertical planters are a great way to maximize your growing area. By using vertical space, you can fit more plants into your small space while still providing them with the light they need.
  • Prune your plants: Regularly pruning your plants can help keep them from getting too large and taking up too much space. It can also help ensure that all parts of the plant are getting enough light.

By selecting the right plants, containers, and lighting, and using creative solutions to maximize your space, you can create a beautiful and thriving indoor garden in even the smallest of spaces.

Indoor Garden Decor and Accessories

Indoor gardening has become increasingly popular as people look to bring the beauty and tranquility of nature into their homes. There are many decorative and functional accessories available to enhance your indoor garden space. Here are some popular indoor garden decor and accessory ideas:

Planters and Pots

A wide variety of planters and pots are available in different materials, colors, and designs to suit your interior style. From classic terracotta to modern ceramic or sleek metallic planters, these containers can add visual interest to your indoor garden.

Plant Stands

Plant stands come in various heights and styles, allowing you to display your plants at different levels and create an attractive arrangement. Wooden, wrought iron, or bamboo plant stands can complement your decor while providing a platform for your plants.

Grow Lights

For plants that require additional lighting, grow lights are essential. You can find stylish and energy-efficient LED grow light setups that can be integrated into your indoor garden setup.

Watering Cans and Misters

Decorative watering cans and misters not only serve a functional purpose but can also add a touch of charm to your indoor garden. Look for unique designs or vintage-inspired pieces that complement your style.

Plant Markers and Labels

Keep your plants organized and labeled with stylish plant markers or labels. These can be made from various materials, such as wood, and metal, or even recycled materials like wine corks.

Garden Art and Decor

Incorporate garden-themed art pieces, sculptures, or wall hangings to enhance the ambiance of your indoor garden. These can include metal wall art, ceramic figurines, or even framed botanical prints.

Garden Tools and Accessories

Invest in high-quality gardening tools and accessories like pruners, trowels, and misting bottles. Look for well-designed and ergonomic options that not only function well but also add a touch of style to your indoor garden setup.

Maintenance Tips for Indoor Gardens

Keeping your indoor garden healthy and thriving requires regular care and attention. Here are some essential maintenance tips to help you ensure the vitality of your indoor greenery:

Water wisely

Don’t water on a schedule – stick your finger in the soil. If the top inch or two feels dry, it’s watering time. Cacti and succulents need even less water, wait until the soil is completely dry. Flowering plants might need a little more water than other plants, but don’t drown them! Overwatering is a common mistake.

Give them a boost

Plants grow most in spring and summer. During this time, give them a little fertilizer according to the package instructions. In the fall and winter, they don’t need much, if any, fertilizer.

Grow your plant family for free

Many houseplants can be easily multiplied. Divide plants with many stems into new pots. Climbing plants and even African violets can be grown from stem cuttings or leaves! Spider plants and strawberry begonias even send out baby plants that you can root in water and then plant.

Give your plants some space

As your plant grows, its roots will get crowded in its pot. If the roots are circling the inside of the container or the plant seems too big for its pot, repot it in spring or summer using a slightly larger pot and fresh potting mix.

Keep your plants clean

Dust buildup can stop your plant from growing well. Wash the leaves with a gentle shower of room-temperature water. If the leaves are hairy, use a soft brush to remove dust gently. For smooth leaves, you can wipe them with a damp cloth. Clean leaves can absorb more sunlight and help your plant thrive.

Shape up your indoor jungle

Pruning keeps your plants looking good and stops them from getting overgrown. Prune in the fall after summer growth to encourage new growth. Fast-growing plants benefit from frequent pinching to keep them bushy. Remove dead flowers to encourage more blooms and prevent disease. Cut off yellow or brown leaves to keep your plant healthy.

Fight off pests

Gentle insecticidal soap is a safe way to get rid of most soft-bodied pests like aphids and spider mites. A strong spray of water can also knock them off. For pests with a waxy coating, dab them with rubbing alcohol on a cotton ball. Be sure to repeat treatments weekly for a month or so to get rid of all the pests.

Watch out for disease

If you see any leaves with white spots, yellow or brown spots, or mushy dark roots, remove the diseased parts and destroy them to stop the disease from spreading. Keeping the insect population under control can also help prevent some diseases.

Benefits of Indoor Gardens

In addition to adding beauty and vitality to your living spaces, indoor gardens offer a host of benefits for your health and well-being. Here are some of the key advantages of cultivating indoor greenery:

Stress reduction

The presence of indoor plants can evoke a sense of tranquility and connection with nature, which is known to have stress-reducing effects. The act of caring for plants, such as watering and pruning, can also serve as a form of mindfulness practice, helping individuals focus on the present moment and alleviate stress.

Improved air quality

Indoor air quality can be significantly impacted by pollutants emitted from furniture, carpets, and household products. Indoor plants act as natural air filters, absorbing these pollutants and releasing fresh oxygen into the air. Certain plants, like peace lilies and spider plants, are particularly effective at removing toxins, making them valuable additions to indoor spaces, especially in areas with limited ventilation.

Improved mood

Research suggests that exposure to nature can have a positive effect on mental health, including reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety. Indoor gardens bring elements of nature indoors, providing a visual and sensory connection to the natural world. The sight and smell of plants can evoke feelings of calmness and happiness, thereby improving mood and overall well-being.

Natural air purification

Indoor plants not only remove airborne pollutants but also help regulate humidity levels, which can further improve indoor air quality. By releasing water vapor through transpiration, plants help maintain optimal humidity levels, preventing dryness and reducing the risk of respiratory irritation.


The presence of indoor plants in workspaces has been shown to enhance productivity and creativity among employees. Studies have found that office environments with greenery experience lower levels of stress and higher levels of satisfaction and concentration. Additionally, the visual stimulation provided by indoor plants can help reduce mental fatigue and increase focus, leading to improved work performance.


Indoor gardens add a touch of natural beauty to indoor spaces, enhancing the visual appeal of the environment. From vibrant flowering plants to lush foliage, indoor gardens offer endless possibilities for creative expression and design. Incorporating plants into interior decor can create a welcoming and harmonious atmosphere that promotes relaxation and well-being.

Nature therapy

Spending time in nature has been shown to have therapeutic effects on mental and emotional health. Indoor gardens provide an opportunity for nature therapy, allowing individuals to immerse themselves in a green oasis regardless of weather or location. Whether it’s tending to plants, enjoying their beauty, or simply basking in their presence, indoor gardening can provide a sense of calm and rejuvenation.


Indoor air pollution can have detrimental effects on respiratory health, particularly for individuals with asthma or allergies. Indoor gardens help mitigate pollution by trapping airborne particles and absorbing harmful chemicals, thereby reducing the risk of respiratory problems and other health issues associated with poor indoor air quality.

Clean Air

By removing pollutants and releasing oxygen, indoor gardens contribute to creating a cleaner and healthier indoor environment. Clean air is essential for respiratory health and overall well-being, and indoor plants play a crucial role in maintaining indoor air quality.


Creating an indoor garden is a great way to bring nature into your home and enjoy the many benefits of houseplants. With the right plants, containers, lighting, and maintenance, you can create a beautiful and thriving indoor garden no matter how small your space.

Remember to choose plants that fit your space and lifestyle, and don’t be afraid to get creative with your plant arrangements. Whether you have a windowsill, a balcony, or a small corner of your living room, there’s a way to create a beautiful indoor garden that brings joy and relaxation into your life Indoor gardens serve as peaceful retreats from the hustle and bustle of daily life, providing a sanctuary where you can reconnect with nature and find solace amidst the chaos. 


What are some innovative house interior garden design ideas suitable for Nigerian homes?

Some innovative interior garden design ideas for Nigerian homes include vertical gardens, indoor herb gardens, and living walls. Vertical gardens utilize vertical space to grow plants vertically, ideal for small spaces. Indoor herb gardens bring freshness and functionality to kitchens, providing easy access to fresh herbs for cooking. Living walls incorporate lush greenery into interior spaces, creating a visually stunning focal point and improving indoor air quality.

How can I incorporate interior garden design ideas into my Nigerian home?

To incorporate interior garden design ideas into your Nigerian home, consider factors such as available space, lighting conditions, and maintenance requirements. Start by selecting suitable plants that thrive indoors and complement your existing decor. Utilize vertical space with hanging planters or wall-mounted shelves to maximize greenery in smaller rooms. 

What are the benefits of incorporating indoor gardens into Nigerian homes?

Incorporating indoor gardens into Nigerian homes offers numerous benefits, including improved air quality, enhanced aesthetic appeal, and mental well-being. Indoor plants act as natural air purifiers, filtering out toxins and pollutants from the air, resulting in cleaner and healthier indoor environments. 

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