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Everything You Need To Know About Getting an House Loan in Nigeria

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If you’re considering purchasing a home in Nigeria, understanding the ins and outs of getting a house loan is essential. Securing a house loan can be a significant step towards achieving your dream of homeownership. However, navigating the loan process can seem overwhelming without the right knowledge.

 This comprehensive guide aims to provide you with everything you need to know about getting a house loan in Nigeria.From understanding the different types of loans available to determining your eligibility criteria, we’ll cover it all. We’ll delve into the factors lenders consider when assessing your loan application, such as credit score, income stability, and down payment requirements. 

Additionally, we’ll discuss the loan application process, documentation requirements, and the role of the mortgage lender.

By equipping yourself with this knowledge, you’ll be better prepared to navigate the loan landscape, make informed decisions, and increase your chances of securing a favourable house loan in Nigeria. So, let’s dive in and explore the world of house loans, empowering you to take the necessary steps towards becoming a homeowner in Nigeria.

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What Is a House Loan?

A house loan is a form of financing specifically used to purchase a home. It can be taken out from a bank, credit union, cooperative societies or other lending institution in order to cover the cost of the property and related expenses, such as closing costs and fees.

House loans usually require collateral, typically an underlying asset that the lender can seize if you are unable to fulfil the repayment obligations. The most common type of house loan is a mortgage, although there are other forms of home financing available such as reverse mortgages and personal loans.

Benefits of House Loan

Taking out a house loan can be an important step in achieving the goal of homeownership. Here are some of the benefits that come with having a house loan:

Builds Credit

Making prompt payments on your loan will help to improve your credit score and demonstrate financial responsibility.

Tax Deductions

Certain types of loans may qualify for tax deductions, which can reduce the amount you owe at tax time.


As you make payments on your loan, you will build up equity in the home. This can be used as collateral for other loans or investments and may even help you get a better interest rate when refinancing.


Having a house loan provides financial security since you own the property outright.


With a house loan, you’re investing in an asset that will likely appreciate over time, allowing you to build wealth and increase your net worth.

Different Types of House Loan Available in Nigeria

There are different types of house loans that are available in Nigeria to help individuals and families achieve their dream of owning a home. These loans are offered by banks and other financial institutions, and they come with different features and requirements. The most popular types includes:

  1. Mortgage: These are loans offered by banks or other financial institutions to help individuals or families purchase a home. The loan is usually secured against the property, and the borrower is required to make monthly payments until the loan is fully paid off.
  2. Home Equity Loans: Home equity loans are loans that allow homeowners to borrow money against the equity they have built up in their homes. This type of loan can be used for a variety of purposes, such as home renovations, debt consolidation, or education expenses.
  3. Construction Loans: These are loans provided by banks or other financial institutions to fund the construction of a new home. The loan is usually disbursed in stages, with the borrower receiving the funds as each stage of construction is completed.
  4. Bridge Loans: Bridge loans are short-term loans that are used to bridge the gap between the purchase of a new home and the sale of an existing home. These loans are typically used by homeowners who need to move quickly and cannot wait for the sale of their existing home to be completed.
  5. Lease-to-Own: This is a type of loan that allows individuals to lease a property for a specified period of time with the option to purchase the property at the end of the lease term. A portion of the monthly rent payment goes towards the eventual purchase price of the property.

Note that the availability and terms of these loans may vary depending on the lender and the borrower’s financial situation. Therefore, it is advisable to research and compare different loan options before making a final decision.

Features of House Loan

House loans come with a variety of features to suit different needs and budgets. Common features include:

Low Down Payments

Some house loans may require as little as 3.5% down, making it more affordable for those on a tight budget.

Flexible Repayment Terms

Depending on the loan, you may be able to choose from a variety of repayment loan terms, including 15 and 30-year mortgages.

No Prepayment Penalties

Some loans may allow you to pay off your loan early without incurring any additional fees or charges.

Lower Interest Rates

Loans with lower initial interest rates can save you money over the life of the loan.

Tax Deductions

House loans may be eligible for tax deductions depending on the type of loan and your personal financial circumstances.

These are just some of the features that help make house loans more convenient, accessible, and affordable for borrowers.

How Do I Get Approved for a House Loan?

To get approved for a house loan in Nigeria, you’ll need to follow a series of steps and meet certain criteria. Here’s a general outline of the process:

  1. Determine your eligibility: Evaluate your financial situation to determine if you meet the basic requirements for a house loan. Lenders typically consider factors such as your income, employment stability, credit score, and existing debts.
  2. Save for a down payment: Start saving money for a down payment on the house. Most lenders require a down payment of at least 20% of the property’s value, although some may offer loans with lower down payment requirements.
  3. Research lenders: Research different banks, financial institutions, and mortgage lenders in Nigeria to find the ones that offer home loans. Compare their interest rates, loan terms, and eligibility criteria to choose the best option for you.
  4. Gather necessary documents: Prepare the necessary documents to apply for a home loan. These may include your identification documents, proof of income (such as pay stubs or tax returns), bank statements, employment verification, and any other documents required by the lender.
  5. Apply for pre-approval: Approach your chosen lender and submit your application for pre-approval. The lender will review your financial information and creditworthiness to determine the loan amount you may be eligible for.
  6. Property valuation: Once pre-approved, the lender may require a property valuation to assess the value of the house you intend to purchase. This helps determine the loan amount they are willing to provide.
  7. Complete the loan application: After finding a suitable property and agreeing on the purchase price, you can proceed to complete the full loan application. This involves submitting all the required documentation and providing additional information about the property.
  8. Loan processing and approval: The lender will review your application, conduct a comprehensive evaluation of your financial status, and assess the property. This process may take some time, so be patient. If everything meets their criteria, they will approve the loan.
  9. Loan offer and acceptance: If your loan application is approved, the lender will provide a formal loan offer outlining the terms and conditions, including the interest rate, repayment period, and any associated fees. Review the offer carefully, and if you’re satisfied, accept the loan offer.
  10. Legal documentation and property transfer: After accepting the loan offer, you’ll need to complete the legal documentation, which may involve engaging a lawyer. This process includes signing the mortgage agreement and transferring the property’s ownership to your name.
  11. Disbursement: Once all the legal formalities are completed, the lender will disburse the approved loan amount. This enables you to complete the purchase of the house.

Interest Rates and Repayment Terms for Different Types of House Loans

The interest rates and repayment terms for house loans in Nigeria can vary depending on the lender, the type of loan, and various other factors. Here are some common types of house loans in Nigeria and a general overview of their interest rates and repayment terms:

  1. Fixed-Rate Mortgage:
    • Interest Rate: The interest rate remains fixed throughout the loan term, providing stability and predictable monthly payments.
    • Rates: Interest rates can vary but are typically between 10% to 15% per annum.
    • Repayment Term: Repayment terms can range from 10 to 30 years, depending on the lender and your eligibility.
  2. Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM):
    • Interest Rate: The interest rate is adjustable and may change periodically based on market conditions.
    • Rates: The initial interest rate for an ARM is generally lower than that of a fixed-rate mortgage. The rate may be fixed for an initial period (e.g., 3, 5, or 7 years), after which it adjusts periodically.
    • Repayment Term: Repayment terms are typically similar to fixed-rate mortgages, ranging from 10 to 30 years.
  3. Federal Mortgage Bank of Nigeria (FMBN) Mortgage:
    • Interest Rate: FMBN offers mortgage loans with relatively low-interest rates.
    • Rates: The interest rates offered by FMBN can vary but are generally lower compared to commercial banks. Rates may range from 6% to 9% per annum.
    • Repayment Term: FMBN mortgages can have repayment terms of up to 30 years.
  4. Rent-to-Own Scheme:
    • Interest Rate: Rent-to-Own schemes may not involve traditional interest rates. Instead, you pay rent, which is later converted into mortgage payments.
    • Rates: The conversion rate from rent to mortgage payments may depend on the terms of the scheme and the property value.
    • Repayment Term: Repayment terms for rent-to-own schemes can vary but are typically long-term, similar to traditional mortgages.

Tips for Budgeting for Your House Loan

If you are planning to take out a house loan, it is important to budget effectively to ensure that you can make the repayments and manage your finances responsibly. Here are some tips for budgeting for your house loan in Nigeria:

  1. Assess Your Finances: Before taking out a house loan, you need to assess your current financial situation. This involves looking at your income and expenses to determine how much you can afford to borrow and repay each month.
  1. Set a Realistic Budget: Based on your financial assessment, set a realistic budget for your house loan repayments. Consider all of your expenses.
  1. Consider Interest Rates: When budgeting for your house loan, don’t forget to consider the interest rates. Interest rates can significantly impact your monthly repayments and the total amount you will pay over the life of the loan.
  1. Consider the Loan Term: The loan term refers to the length of time over which you will make repayments. A longer loan term means lower monthly repayments but higher total interest paid. Consider the loan term carefully and choose the option that best suits your financial situation.
  1. Stick to Your Budget: Once you have set a budget for your house loan, make sure to stick to it. Avoid unnecessary expenses and stay disciplined with your spending.

What Should I Avoid When Applying for a House Loan?

When applying for a house loan, it’s important to avoid some common pitfalls that could end up costing you money or even lead to your application being denied.

Don’t Take On More Debt Before Applying

Taking on new debt such as credit cards or car loans can negatively affect your credit score and make it harder for you to get approved for a house loan.

Never Miss Deadlines

Missing deadlines or failing to submit any required documents promptly can delay the loan process and cause your application to be denied.

Don’t Forget to Shop Around

Comparing offers from different lenders is essential in order to find the best terms and rates for your house loan.

Don’t Underestimate Closing Costs

Closing costs can add up quickly, so make sure you factor them into your budget when calculating the total cost of a loan.

Never Forget To Read the Fine Print

Before signing any documents, be sure to carefully review all of the terms and conditions in order to understand what you are committing to.

How Does Foreclosure Work and What Happens if You Can’t Make Your Mortgage Payments?

Foreclosure is the legal process by which a lender can take possession of a property if the borrower stops making payments on their mortgage. The foreclosure process will vary depending on the type of loan, state laws, and other factors.

Generally speaking, after a borrower fails to make payments for several months, the lender will send a notice of default. If the borrower still does not make payments, the lender can file for foreclosure in court.

The property will then be auctioned off to the highest bidder and if there are any proceeds from the sale, they will go towards repaying the debt.

If you are unable to make your mortgage payments, it is important to contact your lender as soon as possible to discuss your options.

Depending on the situation, you may be able to work out a repayment plan or even get a loan modification that can make your payments more manageable.

It is also important to contact a lawyer or housing counsellor who can provide advice and assistance with navigating foreclosure laws. Taking these steps in advance can help prevent costly mistakes and save your home.

Ways To Reduce Your Monthly Mortgage Payments

Source: Pexel

There are several ways to reduce your monthly mortgage payments.

One way is to refinance your loan at a lower interest rate, which can help save you money over the life of the loan.

Another option is to opt for an adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), which typically offers a lower initial interest rate compared to fixed-rate mortgages but may fluctuate over time.

You could also look into loan modification programs offered by lenders, which can help reduce your monthly payments or extend the repayment period.

Finally, you may be able to take advantage of certain government assistance programs or tax credits that can help you save on mortgage payments.

How Can You Prepare Yourself for Taking Out a House Loan?

Preparing yourself for taking out a house loan involves many things from understanding the different types of loans available to gathering financial documents and assessing your budget.

It’s important to search all loan options, compare interest rates, and understand the terms and conditions so that you can make an informed decision.

You should also review your credit report, review your budget and income to ensure you can make regular payments, and gather all documentation that lenders may need when applying for a loan.

Finally, it’s important to be realistic about the amount of money you can borrow so that you don’t find yourself in an unmanageable situation later on. Taking these steps will better equip you to secure your dream home with minimal stress.

FAQs on House Loan in Nigeria

How to Get a Loan to Buy a House in Nigeria?

To get a loan to buy a house in Nigeria, you need to determine the type of loan you need, research different lenders, gather necessary documents, and submit your loan application. 

What Documents are Required for a Mortgage Loan in Nigeria?

To apply for a mortgage loan in Nigeria, you will need to provide proof of income (such as salary, business income, employment letter, and pay slips), bank statements for the last 6 months, and tax returns. These documents help lenders assess your creditworthiness and ability to repay the loan.

Where Can I Use my Property to Borrow Money in Nigeria?

In Nigeria, you can use your property to borrow money through a home equity loan. A home equity loan allows you to borrow against the equity in your property, which is the difference between the current value of the property and the outstanding mortgage balance

Can I Use my House as Collateral for a Loan in Nigeria?

Yes, you can use your house as collateral for a loan in Nigeria. This means that you pledge your property as security for the loan, which gives the lender the right to take possession of the property if you default on the loan


Having a basic understanding of the different types of house loans, the requirements and documents needed for approval, and the features and benefits that come with taking out a loan can help make the home-buying process easier.

Taking the time to prepare yourself, budget accordingly, compare offers from different lenders, and understand how foreclosure works can also save you money in the long run.

So, take advantage of a house loan to plunge into homeownership and opt for the best loan that suits your needs and budget.

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